26.06.2024 13:00 Hermann Eberl (University of Guelph, Canada):
A Spatio-Temporal Model of Fire Blight During BloomMI 03.04.011 (Boltzmannstr. 3, 85748 Garching)

Fire blight is a bacterial plant disease that affects apple and pear trees. We present a mathematical model for its spread in an orchard during bloom. This is a PDE-ODE coupled system, consisting of two semilinear PDEs for the pathogen, coupled to a system of three ODEs for the stationary hosts. Exploratory numerical simulations suggest the existence of travelling waves, which we subsequently prove, under some conditions on parameters, using the method of upper and lower bounds and Schauder’s fix point theorem. Our results are likely not optimal in the sense that our constraints on parameters, which can be interpreted biologically, are sufficient for the existence of travelling waves, but probably not necessary. Possible implications for fire blight biology and management are discussed.